TNG Team Member

Marcel Carrere

Marcel Carrere, MCU


Phone number:
+33 4 91 29 98 14

Born 27th November 1965 in Avignon (84-Vaucluse-France)
Military obligations: Officer from the military school of Saint Cyr-Coëtquidan. ( commandant in citizen reserve since November 2016 )
Languages: English (written and spoken); Dutch, German, Spanish and Russian (spoken).

6 January 2009 : “Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches” HDR from University of Provence « Des plasmas, des surfaces et l’intéraction Plasma-surface. »
23 Mach 1994 : PHD from University J.Fourier « plasmas physics», Mention very honourable, Title: «experimental study of a plasma discharge confine with multipolar magnets».
1989 D.E.A. «Physics of matter and rays» option plasma, A.B.(University J.Fourier, Grenoble).
Assistant-teacher (1990-1993) Faculty of sciences from Saint Jérôme (Aix-Marseille III).
post-doc position : FOM institut Rijnhuizen, Neuwijrein and TUE Eindhoven, Netherlands 94-95
Supervisor for CIES 2002-2011 (PNL, didactic, communication in order to teach)
Teaching activities (since 1995 MCF Aix-Marseille University), electronics, applied physics, detectors physics, statistical physics, radioactivity, plasma physics, optics, electrostatics, magnetostatics (L1 to M2).

Research: designer in plasma reactors, physics of anodic and cathodic sheaths, Physics of plasma surface interactions, plasma chemistry, surfaces physics and diagnostics in many plasma reactors, Negative ion production on surface and volume, mass spectroscopy, Langmuir’s probe design and analysis. Since 2012 member of Theoretical Neurosciences Group team in Institut of Neuroscience of systems (INS), mainly measuring TMS-EEG at rest for saint subjects to compare with TVB ( simulations, I mainly involve in multi-signals analysis with eeglab, brainstorm, fieldtrip, matlab and python treatment.

Hobbies: Philosophy, cooking, golf (hcp : 16), trek, scuba diving (level 2), tennis, VTT.

Our research project is currently based on spatio-temporal analyses and implementation of multi-signal measurements. The goal is to launch a bridge between mathematical research of modeling of brain dynamics (The Virtual Brain) and clinical research on epileptic patients. We therefore conducted experiments and analyses about REST-state (Random Episodic Silent thoughts) stability and behavior. The ten subjects are at rest (without sleep) with eyes closed and we register activity with EEG. When alpha waves are detected, we apply a Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). By conducting stimulation in two places (Brodmann: area 7) (motor cortex: M1 is used to probe sensitivity) and on the prefrontal cortex (PF) somatosensory-topical position we get two distinct responses for evoked potentials. First, we develop in python multi-signal analysis (62 electrodes) before TMS means "Fast-Fourier-Transform" (FFT), wavelet and "Principal Components Analysis (PCA) to properly characterize spatio-temporal behavior of alpha modes and brain network stability. alpha modes are still a controversial topic and recent publications by Nunez and Valdes Sosa 1,2, have not yet understood these oscillations. The model of Paul Nunez 3 with its stationary, and other models 4, 5, where thalamus appears to play a leading role, were not satisfactory and our theorists have produced a model (Epileptor) showing that this alpha modes are located near a bifurcation, activated by a subnetwork. We want to extract this subnetwork with experimental data. In a second time we analyze the signals after TMS to characterize wave propagation, the return dynamics to the State of REST-state, coherency of the main modes, behaviors of evoked potentials. All these analyses in language Python will extend the field of spatio-temporal analysis in our laboratory, to be apply for example to magnetoencephalography (MEG). [1] NeuroImage 49 (2010) 2328–2339 [2] NeuroImage 57 (2011) 1293–1299 [3] MATHEMATICAL BIOSCIENCES 21, 219-291 (1974) [4] Brain Research Bulletin 85 (2011) 417– 423 [5] Brain Research R eviews 5 3 ( 2 0 0 7 ) 6 3 – 8 8

My last papers in physics are :
«Étude d’un oscillateur (into the wii)» Carrère M, Chave Thierry, Bulletin Union des Physiciens, octobre 2011 (in french)

«Production of negative ions on graphite surface in H2/D2 plasmas: Experiments and SRIM calculations» G. Cartry, L. Schiesko, C. Hopf, A. Ahmad, M Carrère, J.M. Layet, P. Kumar and R. Engeln . PHYSICS OF PLASMAS 19, 063503 (2012)

"Negative -ion surface production in hydrogen plasma: modeling of negative-ion energy distribution functions and comparison with experiments" A Ahmad, J Dubois, T Pasquet , M Carrère, JM Layet , JB Faure, G Cartry , P Kumar, T Minéa, S Mochalskyy. Plasma Sources Sciences and Technology, vol 22 N°:2, february 2013

«Negative-ion production on carbon materials in hydrogen plasma: influence of carbon hybridization state and the hydrogen content on H- yield » Ahmad A , Pardanaud C, Carrere M, Layet JM, Gicquel A, Kumar P, Eon D, Jaoul C, Engeln R, Cartry G . Journal of physics D-applied physics vol 47, Iss : 8 february 2014.

«In-plane and out-of-plane defects of graphite bombarded by H,D and He investigated by atomic force and raman microscopies» Cedric Pardanaud, Celine Martin, Gilles Cartry, Ahmad Ahmad, Loic Schiesko, Gregory Giacometti, Marcel Carrere and Pascale Roubin. Journal of Raman Spectroscopies vol:46, pages 256-265 february 2015.

«Plama induced sputtering yield and backscattering for ITER-relevant materials as calculated by TRIM» Kumar P, Ahmad A, Carrère M. Radiation effects and deffects in solids, vol 170, pages 567-573. july 2015