DCP Team Member

Mireille Bonnard

Mireille Bonnard, DR CNRS


Phone number:
+33 4 91 32 42 54

 Our aim is to understand the activation dynamics of cortical sensorimotor networks allowing an intention to make a motor action emerge. To achieve this, we have developed an original approach combining cortical stimulation and recordings of the activation of cortical networks in humans. This is achieved both at a surface level in healthy subjects (using combined stereotactic TMS and simultaneous EEG recording) and at the intra-cerebral level in epileptic patients (using SEEG), therefore involving neuronal populations of different sizes.

For the stereotactic TMS-EEG combination, state-of-the-art equipments are now in cursive use in the laboratory. The EEG/TMS combination offers, for the first time in healthy human subjects, the possibility to induce a well-localized central perturbation of brain dynamics and to on-line measure its direct effects on the cerebral activation based on cortical reactivity, functional connectivity, induced oscillatory activity, and coherence between-populations. From the response of the brain to this stimulation, one can discover many properties of brain activation and try to interfere with them in return.



Research Domains: Action, Intention, Perception, Resting states, Langage (oral and written)

Specific interests: Interactions between primary and non primary sensory-motor cortical area

                                     Interactions between prefrontal cortical area and sensori-motor networks

                                    Integration of knowledge on the activation dynamics of cortical sensorimotor networks and the excitability of the corticospinal tract

Methods: stereotactic TMS combined with EEG, EMG and behavioral data, fMRI


Selected Publications

Bonnard, M., & Pailhous, J. (1993). Intentionality in human gait control: modifying the frequency/amplitude relationships. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 13, 429-443.

Capaday, C., Lavoie, B., Barbeau, H., Schneider, C., & Bonnard, M. (1999). Studies on the corticospinal control of human walking. I. Responses to focal transcranial magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex. Journal of Neurophysiol, 81: 129-139.

Bonnard, M., Camus, M., de Graaf, J., & Pailhous, J. (2003). Direct evidence for a binding between cognitive and motor functions in humans: a TMS study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 15:8, 1207-1216.

De Graaf, J., Gallea, C., Pailhous, J., Anton, J.L., Roth, M., & Bonnard, M. (2004). Awareness of muscular force during movement production: an fMRI study. Neuroimage, 21:4, 1357-1367.

Bonnard, M., de Graaf, J., & Pailhous, J. (2004). Interactions between cognitive and sensorimotor functions in the motor cortex: evidence from the preparatory motor sets anticipating a perturbation. Reviews in the Neurosciences, 15 (5), 371-382.

Bonnard, M., Galléa, C., de Graaf, J., & Pailhous, J. (2007). Corticospinal  control of the thumb-index grip depends on precision of force control : a TMS and fMRI study in humans. European Journal of Neuroscience, 25 (3), 872-880.

De Graaf, J., Frolov, A., Fiocchi, M., Nazarian, B.,  Anton, J.L., Pailhous, J. & Bonnard, M. (2009). Preparing for a motor perturbation : early implication of primary motor and somatosensory cortices. Human Brain Mapping, 30 (2), 575-587.

Bonnard, M., Spieser, L., Meziane, H.B., de Graaf, J.B., & Pailhous, J. (2009). Prior intention can locally tune inhibitory processes in the primary motor cortex: direct evidence from combined TMS-EEG. European Journal of Neuroscience, 30 (5), 913-923.

Spieser, L., Meziane, H.B., & Bonnard, M. (2010). Cortical mechanisms underlying stretch reflex adaptation to the intention: a combined EEG-TMS study. Neuroimage, 52, 316-325.

Spieser, L., Aubert, S., & Bonnard, M. (2013). Involvement of SMAp in the intention-related long-latency stretch reflex modulation : a TMS study. Neuroscience, 246, 329-341.

Chen, S., Entakli, J., Bonnard, M.,  Berton, E.  & De Graaf, J.B. (2013). Functional corticospinal projections from human SMA revealed by corticomuscular coherence during precision grip force control. PLoS ONE, 8(3):e60291.

Entakli, J., Bonnard, M., Chen, S., Berton, E.  & De Graaf, J.B. (2014). TMS reveals a direct influence of spinal projections from human SMAp on precise force production. European Journal of Neuroscience, 39(1):132-40.

 Pattamadilok, C., Ponz, A., Planton, S. & Bonnard, M. (2016). Contribution of writing to reading: Dissociation between cognitive and motor process in the left dorsal premotor cortex. Human Brain Mapping. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.23118. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

Runnqvist, E., Bonnard, M., Gauvin, H.S., Attarian, S., Trébuchon, A., Hartsuiker, R.J. & Alario, F.X. (2016). Internal modeling of upcoming speech: A causal role of the right posterior cerebellum in non-motor aspects of language production. Cortex, 81:203-214.

Bonnard, M., Chen, S., Gaychet, J., Carrere, M., Woodman, M., Giusiano, B.  & Jirsa, V. (2016). Resting state brain dynamics and its transients: a combined TMS-EEG study. Scientific Reports Aug 4;6:31220. doi: 10.1038/srep31220.